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Dietary intake of proteins and risk of cardiovascular, and cancer mortality

It has been seen that their is a shift towards high protein diet in the recent decades. High protein diet helps to reduce blood glucose and also to maintain blood pressure level.

A research was conducted to examine and quantify the potential dose-response relation between intake of total, animal, and plant protein and the risk of mortality from all causes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer.

In 2016, 26.9 million People died because of cardiovascular diseases and cancer. It makes them the two leading causes of death in the world. Diet has an important role in these conditions.

Even though, an optimal macronutrient composition of diet to support a long life is still being studied in depth. A shift towards high protein diet has been observed in the recent decades. As high protein diet is linked to weight loss, preservation of muscles, and increased strength.

High protein diet helps to reduce blood glucose and maintain optimal blood pressure levels. These are among two of the known cardio-metabolic biomarkers. Cardio metabolic biomarkers tests blood markers that can identify people at high risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes.

Shift towards plant-based Protein

Evidences involving eating plant-based protein suggest that serum concentration of blood lipids reduces without inducing any significant effect on concentration of high-density lipoproteins and the risk of cardiovascular diseases.

Researchers have found that it might be due to the bio-active peptides and the amino acid profile of the plant proteins. It should be noted that higher intakes of animal-based proteins have been casually linked to increased cardiovascular diseases.

Plants have not been considered a good source of protein. But, recent research and advances have concluded that the amino acid profile of plant based food such as soy is sufficient. Some legumes and cereals that may lack certain essential amino acid individually. But, when eaten in combination make up to the amino acid profile required for daily functioning of the body.

Research report

32 studies have reported risks that involved estimated risks for all cause, cardiovascular, and cancer mortality in adults aged 18 or older. These were included in the research to come up to a conclusion that “Higher intake of total protein was associated with a lower risk of all-cause mortality, and intake of plant protein was associated with a lower risk of all cause and cardiovascular disease mortality. Replacement of foods high in animal protein with plant protein sources could be associated with longevity.”

With the adverse effect the meat industry is having on the planet, ecosystems and the overall human health. This becomes necessary for us to understand that it is important to have animal meat analogues to lead a better and sustainable lifestyle.

An era where people start to understand that meat is not the sole source of protein. Plant-based or clean meat sources have been found to be healthier, more beneficial to the planet and humans. This is the only solution to meet the global protein supply in the coming years.

UN reported that 821.6 million (or 1 in 9 people) in 2018 were hungry in the world. The population of earth is closing to 7.8 billion. By 2050 it is projected to be at 10 billion. Then how are we going to feed this number, without having any adverse effect on the environment?

The solution is plant-based meat, cultured meat and clean meat.

Study: Naghshi Sina, Sadeghi Omid, Willett Walter C, Esmaillzadeh Ahmad. Dietary intake of total, animal, and plant proteins and risk of all cause, cardiovascular, and cancer mortality: systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies

Read: Plant-based v/s Animal based protein

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