Global pandemic, such as the COVID-19, have proven to disturb the global food supply chain. This is due to the transport restrictions which lead to decrease in availability of imported food.
Pekka Kinnunen, a researcher from the Aalto University, states that the global average radius is about 3800 Km for the availability of temperate crop such as wheat. This distance is quite large when the transport is restricted during pandemic like COVID-19. The study focused on 6 key groups of crops for humans. These were cereals (wheat, barley, and rye), rice, corn, tropical grains (millets, sorghum), tropical roots (cassava) and pulses. The main objective of conducting this research was to lower the size of the radius and to increase the efficiency of food supply in the local market such as to reduce waste and preserve crops in stores.
Therefore it was important to mark those areas which were self-sufficient in their food production. These were called FOODSHEDS. Foodsheds were able to balance between production and demand and were not bound by their local borders meaning they also transported food when necessary.
However local production of food still cannot match the demands in most parts of the world. The production needs to be increased with newer and more innovative methods as the current production methods are lacking. Also it is necessary to decrease the wastage of food which would in fact save lot of power that goes in the supply chain. Also controlling the waste effectively also lowers the emission of the greenhouse gases.
In this pandemic, the people must understand that self-sufficiency and local food production are necessary for the survival of mankind. A good management system and availability of resources to all parts of a country can provide a solution to the current scenarios.
Read more: https://wdrg.aalto.fi
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