High intake of protein, particularly plant protein lead to lower risks of all-cause, cancer and cardiovascular diseases, mortality.
Cancer and cardiovascular diseases being the pre-eminent causes of death lead to millions of death all over the world and are the prime contributors to increased mortality rate.
We all want to live a life in a healthy manner to associate ourselves with longevity. Our diet plays a potent role to help us maintain the same.
Over the past few decades, there has been a global inclination towards higher protein intake through our diets. The consumption of protein has become quite prominent because of several advantages associated with it, including- weight loss, increased strength, and improved muscle mass.
Now the question arises, what should be the most suitable source of protein?
Several studies and experimentation have found that Plant-Based Protein sources are better than Animal-Based Protein sources.
Researchers based in Iran and USA reviewed the results of several studies that focused on estimating the all-cause, cancer, and cardiovascular death in the age group of 18 or older. Various mathematical and technical models helped them to distinguish between different categories of protein intake, and evaluation was done according to the potential dose-response relation between intake of total proteins (plant+animal) and the risk of mortality.
It has been found that diets rich in total proteins, particularly plant proteins, lowers the risk of all-cause mortality, including reduced risk of heart disease and stroke, fewer chances of developing diabetes, etc.
Thus, the intake of plant proteins is directly linked to reduced risk of death from all causes, cancer, and cardiovascular disease.
Moreover, the replacement of animal protein with plant protein in our diet leads to longevity.
According to the studies, it was concluded that :
A. Consumption of plant proteins leads to an 8% lower risk of all-cause mortality.
B. Consumption of Plant protein is linked with a 12% reduction in the risk of cardiovascular disease mortality.
C. Intake of foods with high animal protein has not much linkage with these risks of death.
D. There is also a 5% reduced risk of death (from all causes) if an additional 3% energy is received from the plant proteins a day.
Plant protein sources include legumes, nuts, seeds, grains, and even certain blends of these.
Benefits of Plant-Based Diet
A. Improves blood glucose and blood pressure levels, thus decreases the chances of type 2 diabetes and improves cardio-metabolic biomarkers.
B. Decreases the serum concentrations of blood lipids without significantly affecting the concentrations of HDL cholesterol (high density lipo-protein) .Thus reducing the risks of heart disease.
However several studies are a bit conflicting. Some studies found that animal proteins increase the risks of mortality, whereas others found no significant linkage between the intake of plant or animal proteins with the risks of mortality.
Results of a recent study showed that soy protein leads to a reduced risk of breast cancer, but there’s no significant association with cardiovascular disease or all-cause mortality. Moreover, various relations between high total protein intake and longevity remains controversial.
My Opinion On Plant Protein
We all are at a critical stage of our lives where a shift from animal protein to plant protein must be considered. Not only to combat our health-related issues but also to ensure Sustainable Development.
Do you know it takes 9 times more water, land, cost and other resources to produce animal protein in the form of the flesh of a chicken?
Do you know more than half the crops we grow are used for animal feed instead of human feed?
“Meat production is destroying our planet and jeopardizing the global health”– quoted a group scientists that were involved in a 3 years of study.
Furthermore, it has been projected that humans will require 70-100% more meat for consumption by the end of 2050. Current meat production processes are already at their limit.
Hence a significant rise in water pollution, soil desertification, antibiotic resistance, climatic change, loss of species, etc will be observed in the coming years of we won’t take necessary actions.
And this requires an urgent need to produce and adopt meat alternatives- Plant-Based Protein or Cell-Based Alternatives.
So the consumption of Animal Proteins not only poses a great threat to our health but also to global health and these are some issues that must be addressed at a larger scale.
READ: Pear – The fruit of Gods
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