The government of India on Tuesday, September 1, 2020, approved 27 Cold Chain projects under PMKSY in 11 states. The projects were approved at the inter-ministerial Approval Committee (IMAC) meeting. These fall under the “Scheme for Integrated Cold Chain and Value Addition Infrastructure” of the PMKSY.
Mrs. Harsimrat Kaur Badal, Union Minister of Food Processing Industries, addressed the meeting. She said, “New Integrated cold chain projects are likely to generate direct and indirect employment for 16,200 and are likely to benefit 2,57,904 farmers.”
Cold Chain & It’s Objectives
The cold chain is the series of actions and processing to maintain the product within a specified low-temperature range from harvest to consumption. So basically, it is a temperature-controlled supply chain with the aim of preventing spoilage of perishable goods.
The objectives of the Scheme of Cold Chain include:
- Value Addition
- Preservation Infrastructure
- To provide integrated cold chain infrastructure facilities from the farm gate to the consumer
State-wise Distribution of Cold Chain Projects
The projects have been approved across the states of:
Andhra Pradesh- 7
Madhya Pradesh- 1
Tamil Nadu- 4
Considering the press statements, these 27 integrated cold chain projects will leverage a total investment of 743 crores. This can be further used to create modern, innovative infrastructure. Hence, it will also contribute towards enhancing the cold chain facilities for the food processing sector throughout the entire nation.
Benefits of the Cold Chain Projects under PMKSY
The projects will help increase efficiency and sustainability in India’s food supply chain. They would also help in streamlining the agricultural supply chain, generate direct and indirect employment opportunities in rural areas, provide better prices to farmers. Also, they will benefit the end-users and even allied sectors. All these benefits are vital for the economic security of farmers.
Badal added that saving the perishable produce by providing adequate infrastructure will help in increasing farmers’ incomes. It shall also contribute towards making India AtmaNirbhar in the fruits and vegetable sector.
Furthermore, this project is considered to be a government initiative to bridge the gap between the Indian supply chain and building world class cold chain infrastructure. This is done through the scheme of the cold chain, value addition and Preservation Infrastructure of PMKSY.
Under the central schemes of integrated cold chain and value addition infrastructure, MoFPI also provides financial assistance. It does this in the form of grant-in-aid at the rate of 35% for general states and at 50% for North-eastern states, Himalayan states and Islands for storage and transport infrastructure development.
It also would maintain the safety, quality, and quantity and storage of various perishable food products. Hence, the picture for fruits and vegetables, dairy products, meat, fish, poultry and other ready to eat products will change.
Badal also mentioned that the food processing industry has all the potential to absorb the excess farm produce. This benefits the farmers and simultaneously converts harvest into a value-added processed product. So, farmers can be ready to meet the domestic as well as global demand.
About Pradhan Mantri Kisan SAMPADA Yojana (PMKSY)
SAMPADA is a scheme for Agro-Marine processing and development of Agro-processing clusters. It was approved in 2017 under the 14th Finance Commission. But, it was renamed to PMKSY with the main aim of modernizing agricultural processing and decreasing agri-wastage.
PMKSY is an umbrella scheme. Implementations of this scheme are:
- Mega food parks
- Integrated cold chains, preservation infrastructure, value addition infrastructure
- Infrastructure for Agro-Processing clusters
- Creation and expansion of food processing and preservation capacities
- Food safety and quality assurance infrastructure
- Human resources and institutions
Read more: FDA Food Safety Blueprint
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