The livestock sector is one of India’s critical agricultural sub-sectors. It has the highest livestock population worldwide. Also, It is one of the farmers’ significant occupations, as the majority of their livelihood depends on it. It has an immense resource of livestock and poultry when it comes to India. This plays a vital role in improving the socio-economic conditions of the rural masses. Also, due to this, we can expand and explore meat production in India.
According to the 20th Livestock Census report released by the Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying, India has a population of around 535,78 million livestock. This indicates a 4.6 percent improvement over the 2012 livestock census.
Meat Production: INDIA
Meat production in India is more of unorganized, but it is an important Indian farming segment. Global meat production is expected to double, to an estimated 465 million metric tonnes by 2050. We can see enormous demand in the Indian market: meat consumption and exports, across the international market.
We see some gaps in hygiene measures and an improvement in the surveillance of meat-borne diseases when we compare the conventional production system and the new meat production system in India. Veterinary inspection has also been on the rise. We need to accept waste management as one of the important parameters that will lead to pollution control.
In the current scenario in the Indian meat market, there is a need to bring more improvement in meat-handling practices. Also, recovery and proper utilization of by-products require improvement.
These improvements will minimize the wastage of meat and will improve the yield of the business. It will also strengthen the meat industry on scientific lines to provide wholesome and safe meat to domestic consumption. It would also increase the potential to export in the international market. And may lead to the Red Revolution in India.
Making it to the international market will help to get a substantial amount of foreign currency. This ultimately benefits the economy to grow at a significant rate. It will also be the key aspect of the balance of payment, which will bring a boom in the economy.
Indian Frozen meat market
When it comes to the frozen market in India, it has been witnessing slow growth until the outbreak of Covid-19. The fact that frozen foods are able to retain the nutritional value for a long period. In turn, this helps to reduce the number of times consumers have to visit the shop or outlet. This works in favor of the market.
Sales of frozen foods like fries, patties, meat and fish products, and other products jumped in urban areas. This happened as consumers stocked up for lockdown. Subsequently, the frozen food market has been performing well following the onset of the novel coronavirus.
Throughout the year, the inclination for quality paying little mind to the excessive cost has risen altogether, while brokers are progressively zeroing in on effective observing of frozen food with the goal that they keep up their wholesome significance.
Despite the fact that the Covid-19 effect on the virus chain gracefully has been noteworthy, the advancing purchasing behaviors of the shoppers with more tendency towards wellbeing has helped the solidified food market grow quicker than anticipated.
Way forward to a bright success
India has an abundant supply of meat, and the meat processing industry has emerged in a few years. Meat processing covers a variety of products comprising animal husbandry and poultry farms as the sub-sectors, to bulk frozen meat, chilled and deli meat, packaged meat, and ready-to-eat processed meat products. This variation creates a lot of opportunities for job creation in small cities.
When it comes to the international market, India exports both frozen and fresh chilled meat to more than 60 countries in the world. The major items of export include deboned and de-gland frozen buffalo meat, which accounts for approximately 97% of the total meat export. The major market for Indian buffalo meat is Malaysia and Egypt and for sheep and goat meat are the UAE, Iran, and Jordan. India also exports a small quantity of processed meat to Thailand, Yemen, and Japan and poultry products to Saudi Arabia, Oman, Kuwait, and Qatar.
With supermarkets and shopping malls spreading to Tier II and III towns, there will be more exceptional support for the expansion within the retailing of chilled/ frozen meat products in India which can help small towns to get employment and support their livelihood.
Hence, in the coming era, we can see a huge opportunity for India to grow in the meat industry. The governing bodies must specialize in food safety in the least stages of production, processing, packing, storage, and marketing of meat and meat products, and adherence to standards that are prescribed by the importing countries.
This will help to increase export in the international market with the quality of products as per the international standard.
Read: Future of Meat Industry
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Content Writer•Poet•Aspiring Entrepreneur & Food Technomanager
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