Biodegradable waste can be easily recycled into compost. On an industrial scale, one can treat biodegradable waste either through composting or anaerobic digestion (AD). While composting is suitable for fibrous materials, AD is more suitable for wet wastes and sludges that can degrade easily. The gas-based NFL Vijaipur unit will be producing compost from biodegradable waste.
National Fertilizers Limited (NFL)
National Fertilizers Limited (NFL) is a Miniratna PSU under the Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers. NFL is a state-owned producer of chemical fertilizers, organic fertilizers, and industrial chemicals. It was incorporated in 1974. In fact, it is India’s largest Central Public Sector Enterprise in the Fertilizer Sector with a turnover of over Rs 75 billion.
NFL falls under the administrative control of the Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers. Also, it is the second-largest producer of the key fertilizer Urea in India. NFL has five gas-based ammonia-urea plants, viz Nangal and Bathinda in Punjab, Panipat in Haryana, and two at Vijaipur (Madhya Pradesh).
National Fertilizers Limited (NFL) Vijaipur (MP) is going to set up an Organic Waste Converter (OWC) Plant. The biodegradable waste collected in the unit shall be transported to OWC. There it will be segregated from non-degradable parts. Furthermore, it will take around 10 days to convert it into ready to use compost.
An initiative towards ‘Swachh Bharat’, the project aims to recycle around 2000 Kg per day of the biodegradable waste. It includes the waste generated in the township, the horticulture waste. This waste is then to be converted into ready to use compost. Hence, it will help in the reduction of Biodegradable waste across the whole city and local area.
The best thing about the plant is that it is providing ready to use compost. This compost can be directly use for agriculture purposes, hence will increase productivity. It will be a good replenishment of inorganic fertilizers. So, this is the perfect way to utilize waste resources in some other useful forms.
The unit plans to utilize this compost as manure thus substituting consumption of fertilizers/ manure used for developments of Parks or Public places. The compost can also be used by the residents in their Lawns and Kitchen Gardens. Therefore, a lot of waste from kitchens, farms, fields, etc can be utilized for this purpose.
Shri Jagdeep Shah Singh, CGM of Vijaipur unit performed Bhoomipujan of the upcoming Organic Waste Converter Plant in presence of senior officials of the unit.
Converting Day-To-Day Biodegradable Waste Into Compost
Recycling and composting waste by every household can reduce the total waste generated in a year by 10%. In fact, it is an easy process to carry out at home for small quantities.
The basic steps of this process are:
- Identify a composting spot like a kitchen garden, terrace, tabletop, etc.
- Put edible kitchen waste in one container and waste like sawdust, newspaper chunks, etc in the second container. Also, keep a check on bugs, flies, and worms.
- Construct a composting bin in a box, bucket, or a garden pot. Cover the bottom with soil.
- Add the wet and dry waste in the container in alternate layers.
- When the compost no longer gives off heat and become dry, brown and crumbly, it is good to go!
Read more: Nutrition-Sensitive Food Systems
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